Homophobia, sexual orientation and schools: A review and implications for action

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There has been growing concern in recent years about bullying in general, and homophobic bullying in particular, and the effect these forms of discrimination have on the academic, emotional and physical well-being of children and young people at school.

The review is quick to point out that teachers can also suffer from homophobia, with possible detrimental results to their careers. This review aims to answer the following main questions: what’s the extent and impact of homophobic bullying, how are homophobia and sexual orientation addressed within classrooms and across whole schools, and finally how are these sorts of issues being addressed among the school workforce?


  • Background
  • Methods
  • Findings
  • Extent of homophobic bullying in schools
  • Impact of homophobic bullying in schools
  • Addressing homophobia and bullying
  • Sexual orientation and discrimination within the school workforce
  • Summary and implications
  • Key findings
  • Next steps
  • References
  • Appendix 1 – Key policies, programmes, and areas of working through which homophobic bullying can be addressed
  • Appendix 2 – Key agencies consulted
  • Appendix 3 – Discussion guide

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