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THE STEPHEN LAWRENCE INQUIRY

The Home Secretary's Action Plan from the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry says the following.
"All schools are required in law to have behaviour and discipline policies.
From September, they will also need specific strategies to prevent all forms of bullying. The must also aim to promote good relations and mutual respect and tolerance between different racial groups."

WORKING TOWARDS A MODEL OF INCLUSION

The Inquiry had some specific recommendations for education so that schools could tackle the issue of racism.
The inclusion of these recommendations here is vital, so that we build on the concept of the report and fully carry out its intention.
By including sexism, disabilism, ageism and heterosexism in the following definitions and recommendations, extracted from the Inquiry Report, everyone in the ethnic minority community will be embraced and we will extend the model of inclusion to challenge many aspects of oppression.

HATE DOES NOT DISCRIMINATE

As the recent London nail bombings in 1999have demonstrated, fascists do not discriminate between different groups whom they perceive as inferior and to whom hatred is directed. In taking on board the lessons of the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry, Local Authorities, the Police, Schools and the wider society need to develop a methodology and approach that works.
Hatred against one group does not ensure that another group is protected. The opposite is true. Hatred against any group endangers us all.
What we need therefore, is that hate crimes and discrimination be identified in such a way that neither down grades the significance of racism nor creates a hierarchy of oppression.

DEFINITION OF A RACIST, [OPPRESSIVE], INCIDENT *
Recommendation 12 says that the definition should be:
"A racist [sexist, disabilist, ageist or heterosexist] incident is any incident which is perceived to be racist, [sexist, disabilist, ageist or heterosexist] by the victim or any other person".
* Italicised words in [ ], are those added or changed.

DEFINITION OF INSTITUTIONALISED RACISM [OPPRESSION]
"Institutionalised Racism [Oppression] is the collective failure of an organisation to provide an appropriate and professional service to people because of their colour, culture, or ethnic origin, [or because of their sex, age, disability or whether they are lesbian, gay or bisexual people].
It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behaviour which amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness and racist, [sexist disabilist, ageist or heterosexist], stereotyping which disadvantage minority groups."

PREVENTION AND THE ROLE OF EDUCATION
Recommendation 67 states "that consideration be given to the amendment of the National Curriculum aimed at valuing cultural diversity and preventing racism, [sexism, disabilism, ageism or heterosexism] in order better to reflect the needs of a diverse society.

Recommendation 68 states "that Local Education Authorities and school Governors have the duty to create and implement strategies in their schools
to prevent and address racism, [sexism, disabilism, ageism or heterosexism].

Such strategies to include:
· that schools record all racist, [sexist, disabilist, ageist or heterosexist] incidents;
· that all recorded incidents are reported to the pupils' parents/guardians, school Governors and LEAs;
· that the numbers of racist, [sexist disabilist, ageist or heterosexist] incidents are published annually, on a school by school basis; and

· that the numbers and self defined ethnic identity, [sex and sexual orientation] of "excluded" pupils are published annually on a school by school basis."
Recommendation 69 states "that OFSTED inspections include examination of the implementation of such strategies."
Recommendation 70 states "that in creating strategies under the provisions of the Crime & Disorder Act or otherwise Police Services, local Government and relevant agencies should specifically consider implementing community and local initiatives aimed at promoting cultural diversity and addressing racism, [sexism disabilism, ageism or heterosexism], and the need for focused, consistent support for such initiatives."